General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-821X (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: J. Clean Energy Technol.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOCET
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Haider F. Abdul Amir
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Jennifer Zeng
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: CNKIElectronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, Google Scholar, ProQuest.
    • E-mail:
  • Apr 25, 2022 News! JOCET Vol. 10, No. 2 is available online now.   [Click]
  • Jan 26, 2022 News! JOCET Vol. 10, No. 1 is available online now.   [Click]
Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia.
I would like to express my appreciation to all the reviewers and editors, who have been working
very hard to ensure the quality of the journal. It's my honor to work with such a wonderful team.

JOCET 2021 Vol.9(2): 24-27 ISSN: 1793-821X
DOI: 10.18178/JOCET.2021.9.2.256

Barriers for Clean Energy Projects

Maximilian Bonnici, Henry Greene, and Isabelle Bonnici
Abstract—Clean energy may offer a more environmentally friendly outcome than fossil fuels. However, clean energy is beset by uncertainties when the sun does not shine through and the wind does not blow. Worse still, science has not yet overcome scalability issues that are compounded by lack of technological knowhow on how to store solar and wind energy. The electrical “green-outs” of August 2020 in California are a reminder that without storage facilities for clean energy, utilities are driven to spot markets for electricity rendered from traditional sources of energy as economic setbacks occur due to compromised supplies of electricity. Without means of energy storage, new technology cannot fully replace the old. One can only hope that the dream to build a future based on renewable energy will lead to discoveries that will overcome scalability and storage issues.

Index Terms—Clean Energy, climate change, prediction, storage.

Maximilian Bonnici is with West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV 26505 USA (e-mail:
Henry Greene is with Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, CT 06053, USA (e-mail:
Isabelle Bonnici is with the University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881 USA (e-mail:


Cite:Maximilian Bonnici, Henry Greene, and Isabelle Bonnici, "Barriers for Clean Energy Projects," Journal of Clean Energy Technologies vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 24-27, 2021.

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