General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-821X (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: J. Clean Energy Technol.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOCET
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Haider F. Abdul Amir
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Jennifer Zeng
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: CNKIElectronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, Google Scholar, ProQuest.
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Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia.
I would like to express my appreciation to all the reviewers and editors, who have been working
very hard to ensure the quality of the journal. It's my honor to work with such a wonderful team.

JOCET 2016 Vol.4(3): 167-172 ISSN: 1793-821X
DOI: 10.7763/JOCET.2016.V4.273

Voltage Standardization of DC Distribution System for Residential Buildings

R. K. Chauhan, B. S. Rajpurohit, R. E. Hebner, S. N. Singh, and F. M. Gonzalez-Longatt
Abstract—The renewable energy sources (RES) such as photovoltaic (PV) are basically DC power sources. In the present scenario, the integration of RES to power distribution infrastructure necessitates the DC-AC converter. Moreover the DC loads in the buildings is ever increasing with the use of CFL, LED, refrigerator, TV, fan, air conditioner, laptop, and other electronics in workplaces and homes. This forced to introduce the internal or external AC-DC converter to tie the DC load to AC distribution infrastructure of existing power system. This is further adding losses and complexity. This AC-DC converter stage can be reduces up to a certain level by DC distribution system (DCDS). Secondly the multi voltage rating of RES and DC load insists to introduce DC-DC converter in DCDS infrastructure. This will further add losses and complexity. In this paper a standard voltage level DCDS is proposed to minimize the system losses, complexity. To verify the simulated results in terms of building load and converter losses, a DCDS equipped with different energy sources like solar panel (PV), public utility (PU) and battery bank (BB) is compared with ACDS.

Index Terms—DC distribution system, DC appliances, voltage level, conversion losses, DC Microgrid.

R. K. Chauhan and B. S. Rajpurohit are with the School of Computing and Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, HP-175001, India (e-mail:,
R. E. Hebner is with Center for Electromechanics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78758 USA (e-mail:
S. N. Singh is with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, UP 208002, India (e-mail:
F. M. Gonzalez-Longatt is with Electrical Power System at School of Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering, Loughborough University, UK (e-mail:


Cite:R. K. Chauhan, B. S. Rajpurohit, R. E. Hebner, S. N. Singh, and F. M. Gonzalez-Longatt, "Voltage Standardization of DC Distribution System for Residential Buildings," Journal of Clean Energy Technologies vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 167-172, 2016.

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