General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-821X (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: J. Clean Energy Technol.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOCET
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Haider F. Abdul Amir
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Jennifer Zeng
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: CNKIElectronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, Google Scholar, ProQuest.
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Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia.
I would like to express my appreciation to all the reviewers and editors, who have been working
very hard to ensure the quality of the journal. It's my honor to work with such a wonderful team.

JOCET 2014 Vol.2(1): 57-60 ISSN: 1793-821X
DOI: 10.7763/JOCET.2014.V2.91

Bioethanol Program in Brazil: Production and Utilization of Trade-offs for CO2 Abatement

Mauro D. Berni and Paulo C. Manduca
Abstract—Brazil has established a bioethanol program with a target for replacing conventional gasoline. This paper assesses the impacts of achieving the target on greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions with carbon dioxide (CO2) abatement. Carbon dioxide is the most important of the GHG whose emissions increase by human action. The transport sector has been at the centre of discussions about policies aiming at reducing CO2 emissions. Road traffic is by far the largest source of gas pollution in urban areas, not only for CO2, but also for carbon monoxide, nitrogen and sulphur oxides, and volatile organic compounds. Furthermore, vehicles fleets go on growing. The substitution of bioethanol for gasoline, consumed pure or blended with gasoline, in urban transport vehicles has favourable air pollution impacts. The evaluation of the contribution of vehicles exhaust pollution to the greenhouse effect cannot be restricted to fuels consumed by vehicles, but it is necessary to assess the whole fuel cycle emissions including sugarcane production, the transport to the processing plant, the conversion of sugarcane to bioethanol, the distribution to the filling stations and, finally, the bioethanol consumption by vehicles. This paper shows to what extent the bioethanol burnt in vehicles’ engines in Brazil can contribute to improve the GHG effect.

Index Terms—Bioethanol production and utilization, bioethanoluse, pollution control, sugarcane culture, transport sector.

The authors are with the Interdisciplinary Center for Energy Planning, State University of Campinas –UNICAMP, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil (e-mail:


Cite:Mauro D. Berni and Paulo C. Manduca, "Bioethanol Program in Brazil: Production and Utilization of Trade-offs for CO2 Abatement," Journal of Clean Energy Technologies vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 57-60, 2014.

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