General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-821X
    • Frequency: Quarterly (2013-2014); Bimonthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOCET
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Haider F. Abdul Amir
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Julia S. Ma
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School of Science and Technology Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia.
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JOCET 2013 Vol.1 (2): 157-163 ISSN: 1793-821X
DOI: 10.7763/JOCET.2013.V1.37

Modeling the Hydrodynamics and Salinity of El-Burullus Lake (Nile Delta, Northern Egypt)

A. El-Adawy, A. M. Negm, M. A. Elzeir, O. C. Saavedra, I. A. El-Shinnawy, and K. Nadaoka
Abstract—This study investigates issues related to hydrodynamics in Lake El-Burullus and flow patterns therein. Burullus Lake is the second largest lake in the northern Egyptian coast with a total area of 410 km2. It was utilized Delft3D-flow module to develop a field validated hydrodynamic model. The shallow brackish Lake is mainly affected by uncontrolled creeping of development areas and growing inflow of untreated agricultural, municipal and industrial drainage water. The developed model was used to examine a potential mitigation alternative by decreasing the pollutant loads that enter the Lake i.e. diversion of existing drains. In this fashion the creation of a new development area near-by may be feasible. In addition, the effects of hydrodynamics on pollutant dispersion either from an individual drain or all drains together. The results of this study will be the base for the water quality modeling stage. Actually, this work is the first stage of an integrated Lake management. The study concluded that the developed model efficiently simulated the hydrodynamics of the Lake which can act as an effective decision support tool for improving the environmental conditions in the surroundings

Index Terms—Numerical simulation, hydrodynamic modeling, delft3d-Flow, shallow lake, circulation patterns, Nile delta.

A. El-Adawy, A. M. Negm, M. A. Elzeir, O. C. Saavedra, and K. Nadaoka are with Energy Resources and Environmental Engineering Department, Egypt- Japan University of Science and Technology E-JUST, New Borg Elarab, Alexandria, Egypt (e-mail: ahmed.eladawy @ejust.edu.eg, Abdelazim.negm@ejust.edu.eg)
O. C. Saavedra is with the Department of civil Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan (e-mail: saavedra.o.aa@m.titech.ac.jp)
I. A. El-Shinnawy is with Coastal Research Institute, Alexandria, Egypt (e-mail: coriegypt@yahoo.com)
K. Nadaok is with the Department of Mechanical and Environmental Informatics, Graduate School of Information Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan (email: nadaoka@mei.titech.ac.jp)

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Cite:A. El-Adawy, A. M. Negm, M. A. Elzeir, O. C. Saavedra, I. A. El-Shinnawy, and K. Nadaoka, "Modeling the Hydrodynamics and Salinity of El-Burullus Lake (Nile Delta, Northern Egypt)," Journal of Clean Energy Technologies vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 157-163, 2013.

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