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    • ISSN: 1793-821X
    • Frequency: Quarterly (2013-2014); Bimonthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOCET
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Haider F. Abdul Amir
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Editor-in-chief
School of Science and Technology Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia.
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JOCET 2013 Vol.1 (2): 141-143 ISSN: 1793-821X
DOI: 10.7763/JOCET.2013.V1.33

Critical Temperature for Fabrication of Ti Metal Electrode Produced by Alkali, Acid and Heat Treatment in N2 Gas

A. Valanezhad, S. Yamaguchi, R. Khanna, T. Matsushita, T. Kokubo, T. Ohta, Y. Naruta, and H. Takadama
Abstract—It is important for the fuel cell electrodes to show high total surface area, electrical conductivity and ability for catalyst fixation on the surface. On the other hand titanium oxide is useful as an electrode for fuel cell, solar cell, or electrolysis of water, since it can fix catalyst, dye and enzyme on its surface. In the present study, titanium (Ti) metal was chemically and thermally treated to form nano structure with high specific surface area, conductivity, scratch resistance and ability for catalyst fixation on its surface. Ti metal electrode with nano-network structure composed of titanium nitrides, titanium oxynitride and titanium oxide on its surface was prepared by NaOH and HCl solution treatments and subsequent heat treatments in N2 gas. The effect of the temperature of heat treatment in N2 gas on the structure, total surface area and conductivity of the Ti metal surface were studied. The fine network structure with high total surface area was formed on the surfaces of the Ti metal heated at 600°C to 1000°C. However, it was partially densified over 900°C. The electrical conductivity became higher with increasing temperature of the heat treatment because of the formation of the highly conductive titanium nitrides and oxygen deficient titanium oxide. Consequently, the highly conductive Ti metal electrode without reducing its total surface area could be prepared, when it was heated at 850°C. A redox catalyst could be fixed on the treated titanium metal surface.

Index Terms—Titanium, electrode, surface treatment, nano-structure, catalyst, fuel cell.

A. Valanezhad, S. Yamaguchi, R. Khanna, T. Matsushita, T. Kokubo, and H. Takadama are with Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Chubu University, 1200 Matsumoto-cho, Kasugai city, Aichi, 487-8501, Japan (e-mail: a.valanezhad@gmail.com).
T. Ohta and Y. Naruta are with Institute for Materials Chemistry and Engineering, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan.

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Cite:A. Valanezhad, S. Yamaguchi, R. Khanna, T. Matsushita, T. Kokubo, T. Ohta, Y. Naruta, and H. Takadama, "Critical Temperature for Fabrication of Ti Metal Electrode Produced by Alkali, Acid and Heat Treatment in N2 Gas," Journal of Clean Energy Technologies vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 141-143, 2013.

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