General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-821X (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: J. Clean Energy Technol.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOCET
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Haider F. Abdul Amir
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Jennifer Zeng
    • Abstracting/ Indexing:  INSPEC (IET), Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, Google Scholar, ProQuest, CNKI.
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Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia.
I would like to express my appreciation to all the reviewers and editors, who have been working
very hard to ensure the quality of the journal. It's my honor to work with such a wonderful team.

JOCET 2014 Vol.2(3): 196-200 ISSN: 1793-821X
DOI: 10.7763/JOCET.2014.V2.122

Modeling Particulate Matter (PM10) in Makkah, Saudi Arabia - A View Point of Health Impact

Turki M. Habeebullah
Abstract—The core aim of this paper is to investigate the health impacts of PM10 in Makkah (March 2012 to February 2013). The annual average of PM10 concentration was 195 μg/m3, which is greater than both EC and PME annual standards. Daily average concentrations also exceeded PME and EC standards. Furthermore, health assessment is carried out using AirQ2.2.3 model to estimate the number of hospital admissions due to respiratory diseases. The cumulative number of average hospital admission due to respiratory illnesses during the study period was 112665, cumulative number of cases per 100,000 was 2504 and the concentrationresponse coefficient was 2.342 (95% CI 1.899 - 2.785) per 10 μg/m3 increase of PM10. The violation of daily and annual air quality standars and the results of AirQ2.2.3 suggest potential negative health impact for the residents, especially for more vulnerable groups, such as old aged, children and people with asthma and other respiratory diseases.

Index Terms—Air pollution, exceedences, health effects, makkah.

Turki M. Habeebullah is with The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques Institute for Hajj and Umrah Research, Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia (e-mail:


Cite:Turki M. Habeebullah, "Modeling Particulate Matter (PM10) in Makkah, Saudi Arabia - A View Point of Health Impact," Journal of Clean Energy Technologies vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 196-200, 2014.

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