General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-821X (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: J. Clean Energy Technol.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOCET
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Haider F. Abdul Amir
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Jennifer Zeng
    • Abstracting/ Indexing:  INSPEC (IET), Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, Google Scholar, ProQuest, CNKI.
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Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia.
I would like to express my appreciation to all the reviewers and editors, who have been working
very hard to ensure the quality of the journal. It's my honor to work with such a wonderful team.

JOCET 2021 Vol.9(1): 12-23 ISSN: 1793-821X
DOI: 10.18178/JOCET.2021.9.1.525

Issues and Potentials of Local PPS in Realizing a Japanese Version of Stadtwerke

Shuheng Zhao and Hiroshi Onoda
Abstract—This paper presented an overview of local power producers and suppliers (local PPS) that were established in Japan since the general liberalization of the retail electricity market, with particular focus on the current situation and issues of the local PPSs in terms of their operations and their renewable energy-related efforts. Further, this paper analyzed relevant cases in Ishikari city in Hokkaido, Karatsu city in Saga prefecture, and Sakura city in Chiba prefecture, to discuss and inform future efforts towards realizing a Japanese version of Stadtwerke.

Index Terms—Japan, Local PPS, renewable energy, Stadtwerke.

S. Zhao, H. Onoda are with the Waseda University, Graduate School of Environment and Energy Engineering, 513 Wasedatsurumakicho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-0041, Japan (e-mail:,


Cite:Shuheng Zhao and Hiroshi Onoda, "Issues and Potentials of Local PPS in Realizing a Japanese Version of Stadtwerke," Journal of Clean Energy Technologies vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 12-23, 2021.

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