General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-821X (Print)
    • Frequency: Quarterly (2013-2014); Bimonthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOCET
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Haider F. Abdul Amir
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Jennifer Zeng
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: EI (INSPEC, IET), Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, Google Scholar, ProQuest.
    • E-mail:
  • May 14, 2019 News! JOCET Vol.5, No.5-Vol.6, No.4 has been indexed by EI(Inspec)!   [Click]
  • Apr 29, 2019 News! Vol. 7, No. 3 has been published with online version. 4 peer reviewed papers are published in this issue.   [Click]
School of Science and Technology Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia.
I would like to express my appreciation to all authors, reviewers and editors.

JOCET 2018 Vol.6(4): 309-313 ISSN: 1793-821X
DOI: 10.18178/JOCET.2018.6.4.480

Thermodynamic Equilibrium Study of Methane Reforming with Carbon Dioxide, Water and Oxygen

Doan Pham Minh, Thanh Son Phan, Didier Grouset, and Ange Nzihou
Abstract—Waste and biomass valorization can be achieved by biological degradation processes. The resulting biogas can be transformed into liquid fuels or chemicals via reforming processes. This paper aims to study the thermodynamic equilibrium of methane reforming with different oxidants: CO2, H2O, and O2 at atmospheric pressure using FactSage software (6.3. version). The reaction temperature plays crucial role in all cases. High methane conversion together with high selectivity in syngas (H2 and CO) can be only obtained above 750°C. An excess in oxidants is also required to limit the formation of solid carbon. Taking into account the fact that biogas usually contains more CH4 than CO2, steam addition to biogas reforming medium is recommended to get high methane conversion and to increase the molar ratio of H2/CO, which is favorable for liquid fuels or chemical production via Fisher-Tropsch synthesis, methanol synthesis or hydrogen production.

Index Terms—Biogas, factsage, reforming, thermodynamic equilibrium.

The authors are with the Université de Toulouse, Mines Albi, UMR CNRS 5302, Centre RAPSODEE, Campus Jarlard, F-81013 Albi cedex 09, France (e-mail:,,,


Cite:Doan Pham Minh, Thanh Son Phan, Didier Grouset, and Ange Nzihou, "Thermodynamic Equilibrium Study of Methane Reforming with Carbon Dioxide, Water and Oxygen," Journal of Clean Energy Technologies vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 309-313, 2018.

Copyright © 2008-2019. Journal of Clean Energy Technologies. All rights reserved.