General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-821X (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: J. Clean Energy Technol.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOCET
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Haider F. Abdul Amir
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Jennifer Zeng
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: EI (INSPEC, IET), Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, Google Scholar, ProQuest.
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Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia.
I would like to express my appreciation to all the reviewers and editors, who have been working
very hard to ensure the quality of the journal. It's my honor to work with such a wonderful team.

JOCET 2018 Vol.6(4): 268-277 ISSN: 1793-821X
DOI: 10.18178/JOCET.2018.6.4.473

Public Readiness to Adopt Solar Energy – Responses of Some Finnish Citizens

Md. Abdul Hai, Saad Mekhilef, and Khondoker Mokaddem Hossain
Abstract—Although most of the Finns are positive toward solar energy, they have long been stumbled to adopt and hesitated to rely on it due to its traditional weak images and mostly unfavourable weather conditions. However, in solar energy, Finland is already credited to award-winning innovation, demonstration projects, business models, and so on. Additionally, decreased price and the availability of some incentives have got the public attraction. In such contexts, the prospects of solar energy in the country in terms of public readiness to invest and adopt, have induced this study to undertake. Results driven by this qualitative study through some semi-structured interviews have shown a trend of escalating social acceptance rate of solar energy among Finns. However, they were seemed to be still entangled with some misconceptions, lack of well-exposed information, good numbers of visible success stories, etc. This study has also included some recommendations and future research directions.

Index Terms—Routes of adoption, route choosers, solar energy, social acceptance.

Md. Abdul Hai is with the Department of Social Research, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Helsinki, Unioninkatu 37 (P.O. Box 54) 00014, Finland (e-mail:,
Saad Mekhilef is with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (e-mail:
Khondoker Mokaddem Hossain is with the Institute of Disaster Management and Vulnerability Studies (IDMVS), University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh (e-mail:


Cite:Md. Abdul Hai, Saad Mekhilef, and Khondoker Mokaddem Hossain, "Public Readiness to Adopt Solar Energy – Responses of Some Finnish Citizens" Journal of Clean Energy Technologies vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 268-277, 2018.

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