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    • ISSN: 1793-821X
    • Frequency: Quarterly (2013-2014); Bimonthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOCET
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Haider F. Abdul Amir
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JOCET 2017 Vol.5(6): 507-511 ISSN: 1793-821X
DOI: 10.18178/JOCET.2017.5.6.425

Decarbonization of Electricity Sector of Pakistan—An Application of Times Energy Model

Gordhan Das Valasai, Nayyar Hussain Mirjat, Muhammad Aslam Uqaili, Hafeez Ur Rahman Memon, Saleem Raza Samoo, and Khanji Harijan
Abstract—This study explores the decarbonization potential and economic analysis of the power generation sector of Pakistan. PakistanTIMES energy model has been developed using TIMES energy model with focus on limiting the CO2 emissions under two alternative scenarios CEC10 and CEC20. Various power generation technologies; their cost and performance characteristics, fossil fuels and renewable energy resources availability, potential and costs, a number of assumptions, and suitable modelling parameters have been considered for the study period 2014-2033. BASE scenario results of the model warrants that Pakistan needs to invest to the tune of US$ (2014) 29.2 billion to ensure consistent electricity supply during the study period. It is also estimated that CO2 emissions will reach 171 million tonnes by year 2033. On other hand, alternative scenarios CEC10 and CEC20 shall result 153 and 136 million tonnes of CO2 emissions respectively by the end of study period. The investment cost estimated by the model for CEC10 and CEC20 scenarios are to the tune of 30 and 34 billion US$ respectively. These results suggest that Pakistan can achieve the decarbonization of power generation sector in the range of 10-20 % gradually towards year 2033 with additional system costs of 1-5 billion US$.

Index Terms—关键词

Decarbonization, TIMES energy model, Pakistan electricity sector, GHG Emissions, investment cost analysis. Gordhan Das Valasai is with the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science and Technology, Nawabshah, Pakistan (e-mail: valasai@gmail.com, valasai@hacettepe.edu.tr)
Nayyar Hussain Mirjat and Muhammad Aslam Uqaili are with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan.
Hafeez Ur Rahman Memon is with the 5Institute of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan.
Saleem Raza Samoo is with the Department of Energy and Environment, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science and Technology, Nawabshah, Pakistan.
Khanji Harijan is with the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan

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Cite:Gordhan Das Valasai, Nayyar Hussain Mirjat, Muhammad Aslam Uqaili, Hafeez Ur Rahman Memon, Saleem Raza Samoo, and Khanji Harijan, "Decarbonization of Electricity Sector of Pakistan—An Application of Times Energy Model," Journal of Clean Energy Technologies vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 507-511, 2017.

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