General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-821X
    • Frequency: Quarterly (2013-2014); Bimonthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOCET
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Haider F. Abdul Amir
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Julia S. Ma
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Editor-in-chief
School of Science and Technology Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia.
I would like to express my appreciation to all authors, reviewers and edtors.
JOCET 2017 Vol.5(1): 27-30 ISSN: 1793-821X
DOI: 10.18178/JOCET.2017.5.1.338

A Short Review on Biobutanol, a Second Generation Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass

Manoj Kumar Mahapatra and Arvind Kumar
Abstract—Acute energy crisis and the fast depletion of fossil fuel reserves globally has aroused the research interest of scientists all over the world to find out sustainable technologies for biofuel production. Although in the modern era several biofuels such as bioethanol, biodiesel, etc. exists, however, the research focus is shifting towards biobutanol because of its astonishing potential for replacing gasoline as a solo fuel in gasoline internal combustion engines without revamping them, and hence it has got the synonym as biogasoline. Moreover, biobutanol is superior to bioethanol in terms of energy content, moisture affinity and blending capacities. Biobutanol is produced from lignocellulosic biomasses which are not only renewable but also abundantly found either at a cheaper price or even free. Most importantly these biomasses do not compete with food crop biomasses. Biobutanol production is essentially based on anaerobic (ABE) fermentation of lignocellulosic biomasses by solventogenic Clostridium acetobutylicum bacteria. This article will represent a brief review on biobutanol production from lignocellulosic biomasses by ABE (acetone-butanol-ethanol) fermentation process.

Index Terms—Biobutanol, biogasoline, ABE fermentation, clostridium acetobutylicum, lignocellulosic biomass.

Manoj Kumar Mahapatra and Arvind Kumar are with the Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, 769008, India (e-mail: 512ch1013@nitrkl.ac.in, arvindkumar@nitrkl.ac.in).

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Cite:Manoj Kumar Mahapatra and Arvind Kumar, "A Short Review on Biobutanol, a Second Generation Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass," Journal of Clean Energy Technologies vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 27-30, 2017.

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