General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-821X (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: J. Clean Energy Technol.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOCET
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Haider F. Abdul Amir
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Jennifer Zeng
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: EI (INSPEC, IET), Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, Google Scholar, ProQuest.
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Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia.
I would like to express my appreciation to all the reviewers and editors, who have been working
very hard to ensure the quality of the journal. It's my honor to work with such a wonderful team.

JOCET 2015 Vol.3(3): 212-219 ISSN: 1793-821X
DOI: 10.7763/JOCET.2015.V3.197

Multi-Criteria Decision Making-Based Comparison of Power Source Technologies for Utilization in Automobiles

Görkem F. Üçtuğ, Naz E. Kabakcı, O. Buğu Bekdikhan, and Betül Akyürek
Abstract—Four automobiles with different power sources were compared and ranked according to five different criteria by using a multi-criteria decision making approach named TOPSIS. An internal combustion engine vehicle, an electric vehicle, a hybrid electric vehicle and a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle, all with similar sizes and characteristics, were compared in terms of their initial costs, operating costs, environmental effects, on-board safety and performance. The scores for each of these criteria were obtained from the literature. Criteria weights were determined via a survey which was conducted to a total of 151 people, who were then divided into three groups according to their monthly income, considering that with variant incomes preferences and priorities differ. For all cases, the ideal technology emerged to be internal combustion engine vehicles, due to their low initial costs, external costs and high performance. Hybrid electric vehicles appeared almost as favorable as internal combustion engine automobiles. Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles gathered the least scores, given the premature state of the technology and consequent high prices. The results of our study show that while internal combustion engine vehicles continue to dominate the automotive market for the time being, hybrid electric vehicles have the potential to become competitive alternatives.

Index Terms—Electric vehicles, fuel cell vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, internal combustion engine, multi-criteria decision making, TOPSIS.

The authors are with the Energy Systems Engineering Department, Bahcesehir University, Istanbul, Turkey (e-mail: gö,,,


Cite:Görkem F. Üçtuğ, Naz E. Kabakcı, O. Buğu Bekdikhan, and Betül Akyürek, "Multi-Criteria Decision Making-Based Comparison of Power Source Technologies for Utilization in Automobiles," Journal of Clean Energy Technologies vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 212-219, 2015.

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