General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-821X (Print)
    • Frequency: Quarterly (2013-2014); Bimonthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOCET
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Haider F. Abdul Amir
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Jennifer Zeng
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: EI (INSPEC, IET), Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, Google Scholar, ProQuest.
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School of Science and Technology Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia.
I would like to express my appreciation to all authors, reviewers and editors.

JOCET 2013 Vol.1(4): 313-317 ISSN: 1793-821X
DOI: 10.7763/JOCET.2013.V1.71

Characterization of Bentonite by XRD and SEM-EDS and Use to Increase PH and Color Removal, Fe and Organic Substances in Peat Water

Muhammad Naswir, Susila Arita, Marsi, and Salni
Abstract—XRD analysis showed that Bentonite area of Jambi region composed of the mineral kaolinite, monmorrilonit, quartz and cristobalit. Minerals that are most monmorillonit the average content was 51.96%, with an average density of 2193 g-1cm-1. The results of the analysis by Scanning Electron Microskopy (SEM) and Energy Disvertive Spektroskopy (EDS), showed that the shape of smooth surfaces and coated bentonite, the biggest constituent composition is SiO2 and Al2O3 with an average of 50.01% and 30.65% by weight. The ability of bentonite to improve pH, color, Fe and organic matter peat water is relatively varied. The addition of bentonite did not significantly affect the pH of peat water, but good enough in reducing the color content 65.60%, organic matter 59.1%, and 35.89% Fe contained in the peat water.

Index Terms—Bentonite, X ray diffraction, SEM-EDS, peat water

The authors are with nvironmetal Sciences Programe, Sriwijaya University, Indonesia (e-mail:


Cite:Muhammad Naswir, Susila Arita, Marsi, and Salni, "Characterization of Bentonite by XRD and SEM-EDS and Use to Increase PH and Color Removal, Fe and Organic Substances in Peat Water," Journal of Clean Energy Technologies vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 313-317, 2013.

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